6 months ago

Raspberry Pi Specs and Benchmarks: 3A+, 3B+, Zero W

We benchmark-test the latest Raspberry Pi boards (including the new 3A+). Small but mighty, the reduction in size doesn’t mean the 3A+ costs you any performance. See how the 3A+ shapes up to the Raspberry Pi 3B+, Pi Zero, Pi Zero W, and older models

The Raspberry Pi has always been the best low-cost computer, but which Raspberry Pi is the best fit for you? Our Raspberry Pi specs and benchmarks feature looks at all the current models, and helps you decide which one is the best fit for your needs.

The new Raspberry Pi 3A+ is an interesting choice, offering high performance in a compact package. The Raspberry Pi 3B+ is the all-connected model with bells and whistles (and four USB ports), while the Pi Zero family is ultra-compact.

More Raspberry Pi 3A+ information will be in The MagPi issue 76. Click here to subscribe to The MagPi.

The new Raspberry Pi 3A+

For projects where a full-size Raspberry Pi 3B+ is simply too bulky, there hasn’t been much choice: aside from the Compute Module 3, which is targeted at industrial users, the choices were the four-year-old Raspberry Pi A+ or ultra-compact Pi Zero family – and in either case it meant a dramatic drop in performance.

The Pi 3A+ comes with the promise of full-size performance in a small, lightweight, and less power-hungry package, but the only way to see if that is true or not is to put it through its paces in a range of benchmarks.

See also: Raspberry Pi 3B+ specs and benchmarks and Raspberry Pi 3: Specs, benchmarks & testing

Plus! The best Raspberry Pi case and The best Raspberry Pi Starter Kits

Raspberry Pi 3A+ spec comparison

At its heart, the Pi 3A+ is literally a cut-down version of the Pi 3B+. It has the same Broadcom BCM2837B0 system-on-chip (SoC) roughly in the centre of the board, hidden under a metal heat-spreader, which runs at the same 1.4GHz frequency. While 512MB of RAM is less than the 1GB of a Pi 3B+, the smaller 3A+ can certainly hold its own.

Looking back at the original Pi A+, it’s hard to imagine they’re from the same family: from a single-core 32-bit 700MHz processor and no networking to a quad-core 64-bit 1.4GHz processor with built-in wireless LAN and Bluetooth, the 3A+ should prove a serious upgrade for users of its predecessor.

Raspberry Pi 3A+ specifications

  • SoC: Broadcom BCM2837B0 quad-core A54 (ARMv8) 64-bit @ 1.4GHz
  • GPU: Broadcom VideoCore IV
  • Networking: 2.4GHz and 5GHz 802.11b/g/n/ac wireless LAN
  • Bluetooth: Bluetooth 4.2, Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE)
  • GPIO: 40-pin GPIO header, populated
  • Storage: microSD
  • Ports: HDMI, 3.5 mm analogue audio-video jack, 1x USB 2.0, Camera Serial Interface (CSI), Display Serial Interface (DSI)
  • Dimensions: 67×56×11.5 mm

Raspberry Pi benchmark test results

Python GPIO: Higher is better

Designed to highlight a real-world bottleneck, the Python GPIO benchmark switches a single pin on and off while a frequency counter measures how quickly the pin is toggled. The faster a Pi’s processor, the faster the pin can be toggled before the processor hits its limit.

SysBench CPU: Lower is better

Designed to focus on the central processor’s performance, the SysBench CPU benchmark tests how quickly a Pi can perform prime number calculations. For Pi models with quad-core processors, the test is run twice: once with a single thread using only one of the cores, and again with four threads using all four cores.

SysBench Memory Throughput: Higher is better


Processor performance is only part of the puzzle when it comes to overall system performance: in the SysBench Memory Throughput test, measurements are taken to show how quickly a Pi can read and write to the random-access memory (RAM) in 1kB chunks, reported in megabytes per second (MBps).

Power Draw: Lower is better

More performance typically means more power used, and here each Pi is connected to an HDMI display, wireless keyboard, and, where applicable, a WiFi or wired Ethernet network before two measurements are taken: the power used, in watts, while the Pi is sat idle at the desktop, and again while running a CPU-heavy application.

Size & Weight: Lower is better

The biggest difference between the Pi 3B+ and the 3A+ is their respective sizes. Here the footprint of each Raspberry Pi model is measured from its widest points – to include the size of the ports which sit proud of the board – and its weight measured, both important aspects for embedded and robotics applications.

Raspberry Pi Thermal Performance: Cooler is better

The Pi 3B+ benefited from a change to the way the system-on-chip (SoC) is attached to the circuit board, allowing it to better dissipate heat. With the 3A+ having a smaller board, this test captures thermal images under heavy CPU load to show how well the two designs cope.

Raspberry Pi 3A+ thermal image

Raspberry Pi 3A+ thermal image (above)

Raspberry Pi 3A+ thermal image (above)

Raspberry Pi 3B+ thermal image

Raspberry Pi 3B+ Thermal Image

Raspberry Pi 3B+ thermal image (above)