To other posters answering. There is a link to the actual bord the OP wants to use. As OP stated beting a beginner, we could be slightly more helpful here.
The board can be directly attached to the Pi. The site says that you can run the board from 3,3V. One of the LED-s on the board will not work, but that might not be a problem in your application. Connect 0V to the PI, 5V to a 3,3V output on the PI, SDA and SDL to one of the I2C connections on the PI. Stay away from connecting the INT pin at the moment.
Now comes the part of writing software for the system. The Arduino system is meant to be easy for a "beginner" to use. It relies heavily on a number of library functions supposed to hide complexity. When you want to move this to the Pi you need to somehow get the same behaviour in a totally different software environment. It is definitely double, and a really interesting software project in itself. But for a short project it might simply be too much. In order to use the libraries a good suggestion is connect the sensor to an Arduino, and then transfer the information to the Pi.
If you want to try moving the code, it might help to know that the Arduino "language" is a subset of C++ with a number of restrictions. You are not allowed to write the main function as it is already in the system, and it is a good idea to keep to a limited subset of C++ functions. You could possible write the code in any language, often Python is suggested on the PI because it already has number of library functions in place.
If you want to run the board from 5V it is possible. But you need to open up the PU jumpers on the board. The PU jumpers connect to 5V which the Pi will not like on its input. The Pi might, or might not break, but we do not want to risk that. Instead we want to connect pullups to 3,3V.
https://cdn.sparkfun.com/assets/learn_t ... X30105.jpg
The PU jumpers connect to 5V which the Pi will not like on its input. The Pi might, or might not break, but we do not want to risk that. Instead we want to have pullup resistors to 3,3V. Pin #3 and #5 on the Pi already has those.