Not the distributions for the Pi, no. Wrong CPU type.
But as riklaunim said, you can install the x86 version of Debian Wheezy on a PC with the LXDE desktop and it will look like the Pi desktop (just no Raspberry).
You won't be able to run most of the Raspberry Pi specific software though. Wrong GPU, no GPIOs for a start. But you can use Pythong and everything else.