I exactly followed the noobs installation guide.
I formated with the SD format and set all Flags like demanded in the guide.
Then i extracted and copied the zip file content on the card, as explained in the guide.
The CardWriter is an internal Desktop Cardreader/writer which is at least just connected to USB.
Since there is booting "something" i assume the card is readable?!
Noobs version 1.3 latest.
I tried an intenso 16GB Class10, a Transcend Class 6 16GB and a takeMS 4GB Class 4 Card.
1) "The CardWriter is an internal Desktop Cardreader/writer which is at least just connected to USB" Am I correct in taking that to mean that you're using a "desktop" machine with a card reader/writer fitted into a spare "HDD slot"? (If so, that should be equivalent to using a USB card/reader writer on a netbook/laptop rather than a "built-in" SD slot. The latter, on older portables, may not be fully SDHC compatible).
2) Apart from "Transcend", your card makes appear to be of "less common" brands (cf. those logged in http://elinux.org/RPi_SD_cards
), and issues have been reported w.r.t. some Transcend cards in the past.
3) W.r.t. "partial booting" and NOOBS 1.3 - there is a known issue with Sandisk Ultra cards, now fixed, and there is a newer version (NOOBS 1.3.1) which can be found here: http://downloads.raspberrypi.org/NOOBS/test/
. If you haven't tried that (yet) it may help @rdb & co. (the NOOBS developers) if you do so and report back.
Still running Raspbian Jessie on some older Pi's (an A, B1, B2, B+, P2B, 3xP0, P0W) but Stretch on my 2xP3A+, P3B+, P3B, B+, A+ and a B2. See: https://www.cpmspectrepi.uk/raspberry_pi/raspiidx.htm