SSH (Secure Shell)
You can access the command line of a Raspberry Pi remotely from another computer or device on the same network using SSH.
The Raspberry Pi will act as a remote device: you can connect to it using a client on another machine.
You only have access to the command line, not the full desktop environment. For a full remote desktop, see VNC.
1. Set up your local network and wireless connectivity
If you are not using wireless connectivity, plug your Raspberry Pi directly into the router.
You will need to note down the IP address of your Pi in order to connect to it later. Using the
ifconfig command will display information about the current network status, including the IP address, or you can use
hostname -I to display the IP addresses associated with the device.
2. Enable SSH
As of the November 2016 release, Raspbian has the SSH server disabled by default. It can be enabled manually from the desktop:
Raspberry Pi Configurationfrom the
- Navigate to the
Alternatively, raspi-config can be used:
sudo raspi-configin a terminal window
- Navigate to and select
3. Enable SSH on a headless Raspberry Pi
For headless setup, SSH can be enabled by placing a file named 'ssh', without any extension, onto the boot partition of the SD card. When the Pi boots, it looks for the 'ssh' file. If it is found, SSH is enabled, and the file is deleted. The content of the file does not matter: it could contain text, or nothing at all.
4. Set up your client
SSH is built into Linux distributions and Mac OS. For Windows and mobile devices, third-party SSH clients are available. See the following guides for using SSH with the OS on your computer or device: