User management in Raspbian is done on the command line. The default user is
pi, and the password is
raspberry. You can add users and change each user's password.
Change your password
Once you're logged in as the
pi user, it is highly advisable to use the
passwd command to change the default password to improve your Pi's security.
passwd on the command line and press
Enter. You'll be prompted to enter your current password to authenticate, and then asked for a new password. Press
Enter on completion and you'll be asked to confirm it. Note that no characters will be displayed while entering your password. Once you've correctly confirmed your password, you'll be shown a success message (
passwd: password updated successfully), and the new password will apply immediately.
If your user has
sudo permissions, you can change another user's password with
passwd preceded by the user's username. For example,
sudo passwd bob will allow you to set the user
bob's password, and then some additional optional values for the user such as their name. Just press
Enter to skip each of these options.
Remove a user's password
You can remove the password for the user
sudo passwd bob -d.
Create a new user
You can create additional users on your Raspbian installation with the
sudo adduser bob and you'll be prompted for a password for the new user
bob. Leave this blank if you don't want a password.
When you create a new user, they will have a home folder in
pi user's home folder is at
Upon creating a new user, the contents of
/etc/skel/ will be copied to the new user's home folder. You can add or modify dot-files such as the
/etc/skel/ to your requirements, and this version will be applied to new users.
pi user on Raspbian is a sudoer. This gives the ability to run commands as root when preceded by
sudo, and to switch to the root user with
To add a new user to sudoers, type
sudo visudo (from a sudoer user) and find the line
root ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL, under the commented header
# User privilege specification. Copy this line and switch from
root to the username. To allow passwordless root access, change to
NOPASSWD: ALL. The example below gives the user
bob passwordless sudo access:
# User privilege specification root ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL bob ALL = NOPASSWD: ALL
Save and exit to apply the changes. Be careful, as it's possible to remove your own sudo rights by accident.
You can change the editor the
visudo command uses (the default is Nano) by entering:
update-alternatives --set editor /usr/bin/vim.tiny
This sets the editor to Vim.
Delete a user
You can delete a user on your system with the command
userdel. Apply the
-r flag to remove their home folder too:
sudo userdel -r bob