Camera Module

The Raspberry Pi Camera Modules are official products from the Raspberry Pi Foundation. The original 5-megapixel model was released in 2013, and an 8-megapixel Camera Module v2 was released in 2016. For both iterations, there are visible light and infrared versions. A 12-megapixel High Quality Camera was released in 2020. There is no infrared version of the HQ Camera, however the IR Filter can be removed if required.

Hardware specification

Camera Module v1 Camera Module v2 HQ Camera
Net price $25 $25 $50
Size Around 25 × 24 × 9 mm 38 x 38 x 18.4mm (excluding lens)
Weight 3g 3g
Still resolution 5 Megapixels 8 Megapixels 12.3 Megapixels
Video modes 1080p30, 720p60 and 640 × 480p60/90 1080p30, 720p60 and 640 × 480p60/90 1080p30, 720p60 and 640 × 480p60/90
Linux integration V4L2 driver available V4L2 driver available V4L2 driver available
C programming API OpenMAX IL and others available OpenMAX IL and others available
Sensor OmniVision OV5647 Sony IMX219 Sony IMX477
Sensor resolution 2592 × 1944 pixels 3280 × 2464 pixels 4056 x 3040 pixels
Sensor image area 3.76 × 2.74 mm 3.68 x 2.76 mm (4.6 mm diagonal) 6.287mm x 4.712 mm (7.9mm diagonal)
Pixel size 1.4 µm × 1.4 µm 1.12 µm x 1.12 µm 1.55 µm x 1.55 µm
Optical size 1/4" 1/4"
Full-frame SLR lens equivalent 35 mm
S/N ratio 36 dB
Dynamic range 67 dB @ 8x gain
Sensitivity 680 mV/lux-sec
Dark current 16 mV/sec @ 60 C
Well capacity 4.3 Ke-
Fixed focus 1 m to infinity N/A
Focal length 3.60 mm +/- 0.01 3.04 mm Depends on lens
Horizontal field of view 53.50 +/- 0.13 degrees 62.2 degrees Depends on lens
Vertical field of view 41.41 +/- 0.11 degrees 48.8 degrees Depends on lens
Focal ratio (F-Stop) 2.9 2.0 Depends on lens

Hardware features

Available Implemented
Chief ray angle correction Yes
Global and rolling shutter Rolling shutter
Automatic exposure control (AEC) No - done by ISP instead
Automatic white balance (AWB) No - done by ISP instead
Automatic black level calibration (ABLC) No - done by ISP instead
Automatic 50/60 Hz luminance detection No - done by ISP instead
Frame rate up to 120 fps Max 90fps. Limitations on frame size for the higher frame rates (VGA only for above 47fps)
AEC/AGC 16-zone size/position/weight control No - done by ISP instead
Mirror and flip Yes
Cropping No - done by ISP instead (except 1080p mode)
Lens correction No - done by ISP instead
Defective pixel cancelling No - done by ISP instead
10-bit RAW RGB data Yes - format conversions available via GPU
Support for LED and flash strobe mode LED flash
Support for internal and external frame synchronisation for frame exposure mode No
Support for 2 × 2 binning for better SNR in low light conditions Anything output res below 1296 x 976 will use the 2 x 2 binned mode
Support for horizontal and vertical sub-sampling Yes, via binning and skipping
On-chip phase lock loop (PLL) Yes
Standard serial SCCB interface Yes
Digital video port (DVP) parallel output interface No
MIPI interface (two lanes) Yes
32 bytes of embedded one-time programmable (OTP) memory No
Embedded 1.5V regulator for core power Yes

Software features

Full camera software documentation can be found here.

Picture formats JPEG (accelerated), JPEG + RAW, GIF, BMP, PNG, YUV420, RGB888
Video formats raw h.264 (accelerated)
Effects negative, solarise, posterize, whiteboard, blackboard, sketch, denoise, emboss, oilpaint, hatch, gpen, pastel, watercolour, film, blur, saturation
Exposure modes auto, night, nightpreview, backlight, spotlight, sports, snow, beach, verylong, fixedfps, antishake, fireworks
Metering modes average, spot, backlit, matrix
Automatic white balance modes off, auto, sun, cloud, shade, tungsten, fluorescent, incandescent, flash, horizon
Triggers Keypress, UNIX signal, timeout
Extra modes demo, burst/timelapse, circular buffer, video with motion vectors, segmented video, live preview on 3D models

HQ Camera IR Filter transmission information

The HQ Camera uses a Hoya CM500 infrared filter. Its transmission characteristics are as represented in the following graph.

CM500 Transmission Graph

Mechanical drawing

  • Camera Module v2 PDF
  • HQ Camera Module PDF
  • HQ Camera Module lens mountPDF

Schematics

  • Camera Module v2 PDF
  • HQ Camera Module PDF